evo našla sam nešto......
ti kakti vampiri su zapravo ljudi koji boliju od takozvanog "vamirskog sindroma" oliti kak se na eng. kaže "vampire syndrome"
evo vam par članaka o tome i još 2 neobična sindroma
'Vampire syndrome': serum protein and lipid abnormalities related to frequent sale of plasma
The sale of plasma for profit has become a common occurrence. In the United States, a healthy individual can donate as frequently as six times per month and up to 60 L of plasma per year. Although plasma donors are generally healthy, intervening conditions can increase the catabolism or decrease the synthesis of certain serum constituents and thereby produce a confusing clinical picture. In 1 month, we encountered two patients who presented with hypoalbuminemia and hypocholesterolemia for which there was no obvious cause except a history of frequent plasma sales.
The term plasmapheresis was first used by Abel in 1914 to describe the removal of whole blood for the collection of the plasma fraction with the subsequent replacement of the cellular elements. Since that time, plasmapheresis has become a method of treatment for many diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, Goodpasture's syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, and homozygous famifial hypercholesterolemia. It is also a valuable tool for obtaining normal plasma and plasma products for use in the treatment of diseases, such as hemophilia, and for plasma replacement in some critically ill patients.
The demand for plasma and plasma products has resulted in the development of entrepreneurial plasmapheresis centers that remunerate donors. In the United States, an individual may donate up to 60 L of plasma per year. Although many studies have shown no deleterious effect,[8,9] frequent plasma donation may result in changes in plasma constituents that can complicate the evaluation of a donor who develops medical problems. The prevalence of this disorder has not been documented but is probably low because few donors sell at a high rate.
Other than the hypoalbuminemia and hypocholesterolemia, we are not aware of any other markers for this disorder. Since the blood is collected and replaced using the antecubital vein, there are no appreciable needle tracks or other external markers to alert the examining physician that plasmapheresis has occurred.
The first patient was a 33-year-old black housewife who presented with complaints of fever, chills, and body aches of approximately 1 week's duration. On the morning of admission, she began experiencing dizziness upon standing, fever to 101[degrees]F, and emesis. Her medical history was significant for endometriosis. She denied any drug allergies and reported only occasional use of ibuprofen, which she took two to four times daily for the relief of menstrual pain.
The patient was married and had three healthy children. She smoked six to eight cigarettes per day and drank one to two beers per week. On physical examination, the patient had a temperature of 38.5[degrees]C; pulse of 100 beats per minute; regular, supine blood pressure of 108/68 mm Hg; and no orthostatic changes. Her examination was normal except for costovertebral angle tenderness bilaterally. All values on her initial laboratory evaluation were within reference limits except for an albumin level of 2.3 g/dL (23 g/L) and a cholesterol level of 58 mg/dL (1.50 mmol/L). Urinalysis was nitrite positive and revealed bacteria and 4+ white blood cells.
The patient was admitted with an initial diagnosis of pyelonephritis and was started on intravenous piperacillin. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen obtained after she showed a slow clinical response to antibiotics supported the diagnosis of acute focal bacterial nephritis. She received 10 days of intravenous antibiotics, which resulted in the complete clinical resolution of her illness.
The markedly low albumin and cholesterol levels could not initially be explained. Repeated questioning finally revealed that the patient had been selling plasma at a local center one to two times per week (averaging approximately five times per month) for the previous 12 months. Her most recent donation had been 5 days before admission.
The second patient was a 39-year-old black man who was brought to the hospital emergency department by ambulance after arriving at work disoriented and reporting a history of physical assault. He complained of a diffuse headache and sharp epigastric abdominal pain. He also reported a history of hematemesis on two occasions in the past 3 weeks. Medical history was significant for peptic ulcer disease, which had been diagnosed in 1982 by means of esophagogastroduodenoscopy and treated with cimetidine for 1 year. At the time of the examination, he reported taking no medications and denied drug allergies. Social history was significant for cigarette smoking (10 pack-years) and alcohol use (one to three cans of beer daily). Physical examination was entirely within normal limits. All admission laboratory values were normal except for an albumin level of 2.5 g/dL (25 g/L) and a cholesterol level of 90 mg/dL (2.33 mmol/L).
The patient refused further workup and was treated empirically with ranitidine for peptic ulcer disease. When low albumin and cholesterol levels were identified, the patient was asked if he had a history of selling plasma. He reported that he had been doing so one to two times per week for approximately 3 months.
The dad and four children had blue skin.
Having the chicken pox isn't some strange disease. It's just a strange name for a disease. Having vampire-like skin, being blue or hair that completely covers your face are symptoms of strange diseases. Then again, these diseases might not all be true.
If you thought vampires only exist on Buffy, the Vampire Slayer, I have news for you. There are people out there who go to great lengths to avoid the sun. If they are caught in the sun, their skin will blister. Some of them have pain and blistering as soon as the sun touches their skin. Ok, so they're not actually vampires. They don't drink blood and sleep in coffins, but they do suffer from a rare disease that has vampire-like symptoms.
If you complain about your skin color, try being blue. A large family simply known as the blue people lived in the hills around Troublesome Creek in Kentucky until the 1960s. They were the blue Fugates. Most of them lived past the age of 80, with no serious illness - just blue skin. The trait was passed on from generation to generation. This might have something to do with all the inbreeding that happened back then. People with this condition have blue, plum, indigo or almost purple skin.
Growing facial hair is a sign of being a man, right? Not if you're a girl, or if the hair covers your face, neck, back and shoulders. Two year-old Abys DeJesus grew dark, hairy patches on her face. Doctors said she has a condition known as Human Werewolf Syndrome. The disease is called werewolf syndrome because people with it look like werewolves - except without the sharp teeth and claws. In Mexico, a large family of men had hair that covered their faces and upper bodies. Two brothers were even offered a part in the X-Files but they turned down the offer.
What do you think? Is one of these stories made up? Are all of them made up? Take our poll and see what others think.
Last week I wrote about Medical Miracles. One of the miracles wasn't true. If you guess the eyeball hanging by the optic nerve was made up, then you guessed correctly. The chances of having an eye fixed, including getting vision back, after it was hanging by the optic nerve are slim. But you never know.